Research: How does the brain make sense of language in real-time?
Urbach, T. P., & Kutas, M. (2018). Cognitive Electrophysiology of
Language. In S. A. Rueschemeyer & G. Gaskell (Eds.), Oxford
Handbook of Psycholinguistics (2nd ed.): Oxford University Press.
This chapter introduces psycholinguists to how neurally generated electrical potentials recorded at the scalp -- the human electroencephalogram or EEG -- have been and may be used to investigate language in real-time. Event-related brain potential (ERP) language research is situated in the historical landscape of electroencephalography and the emergence of cognitive electrophysiology. There are many different brain potentials associated with covert processes from sensation to cognition to motor responses that inevitably co-occur with language processes of interest to the psycholinguist. A selective review of these describes some that are common in psycholinguistic research (N400, P600, and anterior negativities: LAN, eLAN, nRef) as well as others of importance (sensory evoked potentials; mismatch negativity, MMN; contingent negative variation, CNV; P300). This diversity of potentials can confound interpretation of ERP results if overlooked or, as illustrated by some vignettes, serve to answer clear questions about language acquisition, processing, learning, production, and loss.Experimental Approach: Brainwaves (EEG) and behavior
Some Language Experiments and Questions
Urbach, T. P., DeLong, K. A., Chan, W.-H., & Kutas, M. (2020). An
exploratory data analysis of word form prediction during
word-by-word reading. Proceedings of the National Academy of
Supplementary Information: Appendix PDFAuthor's manuscript accepted for publication, please cite the DOI:
Some Scientific Computing Projects
Natural language quantifiers and incremental interpretation
Urbach, DeLong & Kutas (2015) DOI: 10.1016/j.jml.2015.03.010
Urbach and Kutas (2010) DOI: 10.1016/j.jml.2010.03.008
- What role do neural oscillations play in language comprehension?
Can the brain be trained to hear speech better in noisy conditions?
Undergraduate Research Assistants (we knew them when ...)Pondering
Reproducible research and open-science.
- Public EEG example data sets: 4 experimental paradigms
- Open-access materials, code, and data. Urbach, T. P., DeLong, K. A., Chan, W.-H., \& Kutas, M. (2020, July 29). UDCK2020 An exploratory data analysis of word form prediction during word-by-word reading. DOI: https://osf.io/tksur
Pythonic GPU accelerated regression modeling
SDSC/NVIDIA GPU Hackathon 2020
- FitGrid An open-source Python package for mass regression modeling of multichannel EEG data, with Andrey Portnoy.
An open-source Python package for single-trial EEG data interchange, cross-platform analysis, and reproducible research.
- What would theories of language look like if journals charged $1000 per theoretical entity postulated instead of per color figure?
- Urbach, T. P., DeLong, K. A., Chan, W.-H., & Kutas, M. (2020). An exploratory data analysis of word form prediction during word-by-word reading. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201922028.